The Right to Asylum in International Law

Introduction Asylum is a vital component of international human rights law, providing protection and shelter to individuals fleeing persecution and conflict. The concept encompasses both the granting of temporary refuge and active protection by a state to a political refugee from another country. The principle of asylum is rooted in the Universal Declaration of Human […]

5 mins read

Nationality in International Law: Definitions, Importance, and Legal Developments

Introduction: Nationality is a fundamental concept in international law, serving as the legal bond between an individual and a state. It determines membership in a state, confers certain rights and protections, and imposes specific obligations. Despite its importance, the lack of uniformity in state laws regarding nationality has historically led to significant challenges, including statelessness […]

6 mins read

Schools of Hindu Law: A brief note

Introduction Hindu law, deeply rooted in religious texts and traditions, governs the personal and familial aspects of Hindus in India. While codification has provided a uniform framework, the uncodified areas still retain the influence of historical schools of thought. The two primary schools, Mitakshara and Dayabhaga, reflect diverse interpretations of ancient texts and are significant […]

3 mins read

Functionaries Under the Code of Criminal Procedure

Introduction  The criminal justice system in India is a complex framework involving various key functionaries who play pivotal roles in maintaining law and order, ensuring justice, and upholding the rule of law. These functionaries include the police, prosecutors, defence counsel, and prison authorities. This chapter explores their functions, organization, and the legal provisions governing them. […]

7 mins read

Constitution of Criminal Courts in India

1. Introduction The Constitution of Criminal Courts in India is a comprehensive system outlined under the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC). This framework involves various functionaries who play critical roles in the administration of criminal justice. The main functionaries include the Police, Prosecutors, Defence Counsels, Magistrates, Judges of higher courts, and Prison authorities along with Correctional […]

9 mins read


 INTRODUCTION: Environmental pollution is among the deadliest threats to our environment and threatens the human and non-human entities living there and the earth as a whole. Therefore, various legal principles and elements have been enacted to facilitate addressing this legal issue. These principles act as the guiding light for persons, authorities, and groups in the […]

31 mins read

Suits for Breach of Contract

Introduction Contracts for the sale of goods form the backbone of commercial transactions, underpinning the exchange of products and services in both domestic and international trade. The legal framework governing these contracts is critical in ensuring that parties adhere to their obligations and in providing remedies when breaches occur. In India, the Sale of Goods […]

12 mins read

Object, Extent, and Scope of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)

Introduction The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), serves as the backbone of the criminal justice system in India, providing the framework for the administration of substantive criminal law. It outlines the procedures for the investigation of crimes, the apprehension of suspects, the collection of evidence, the determination of guilt or innocence, and the imposition […]

12 mins read

Presumptions in the Interpretation of Statutes

Introduction In the realm of legal interpretation, presumptions play a crucial role in guiding courts to discern legislative intent and to apply statutes consistently with established legal principles. Presumptions act as default rules that courts follow unless convincingly rebutted, thus ensuring stability and predictability in legal reasoning. This essay delves into various presumptions applied by […]

7 mins read